Community benefits are typically obtained through CBAs, which can take the form of a private agreement between the developer and the local community, a contract between the developer and the government, or a three-way agreement between the developer, the government, and the community. In addition to ASAs, community benefits can be achieved through social purchase clauses as well as other directives and laws. One day, Abdi himself may be able to inject more money into the Community. He is about to finish his apprenticeship, and after that, he will be a full-fledged carpenter. If that happens, he hopes to open his own carpentry shop. “That way,” he says, “I can have a lot of guys in the community, or just hire them and bring them to future unions and say, `Hello, I have this company. I want this guy to work for me. Can you register it? And they will. The CBA contains specific requirements for one Toronto Gaming to achieve a number of social and economic outcomes, including local and social attitudes, both for casino operations and for employment in construction, local and social public procurement, responsible gambling activities, child care and community access to the use of the venue. Robinson says Metrolinx is very pleased with the results so far. “Metrolinx and Crosslinx [the consortium that builds eglinton Crosstown] would not have gotten what we got in terms of recruiting local jobs. if it wasn`t the partnership we have with TCBN, United Way and other government agencies,” he says. “I mean, it`s really a collaborative project, and I think it says a lot when the community works with government partners and local citizens to see what could be done, to help people who are marginalized, who are disadvantaged, and really help them make a leg for them.” Community services are an instrument to help local communities organise and use public investments in infrastructure, create good jobs and apprenticeships, create social enterprises, build affordable housing and much more for people who do not normally benefit from capital projects. In order to overcome these tensions and challenges and to ensure the meaningful participation of Community voices in the definition of Community benefits, governments should adhere to a number of guiding principles.
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