Affordable and scalable solutions are now available to enable countries to move towards cleaner, more resilient economies. The pace of change is accelerating as more and more people turn to renewable energy and a number of other measures that will reduce emissions and intensify adaptation efforts. It`s worrying. Taking action to combat climate change is now economically viable. The longer you delay, the more you pay. We can promote economic growth, eradicate extreme poverty and improve people`s health and well-being by acting today. The Paris Agreement (the Paris Agreement)  is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of parties held at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and agreed on 12 December 2015.   Since February 2020, all 196 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 189 have left.  Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, Iran and Turkey are the only major emitters.
December – COP 15 was held in Copenhagen, Denmark. It failed to agree on binding commitments when the Kyoto Protocol commitment period expired in 2012. In the final hours of the summit, the heads of state and government of the United States, Brazil, China, Indonesia, India and South Africa approved the so-called Copenhagen Agreement, which recognizes the need to limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius based on the science of climate change. Although the agreement does not make legally binding commitments, countries have been asked to set voluntary targets for reducing greenhouse gases. $100 billion has been pledged for climate aid to developing countries. How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker  and the climate clock). Today, climate change affects every country on every continent. It disrupts economies and affects life, costing people, communities and countries today and tomorrow even more. The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that guides global efforts for decades to come.
The aim is to increase countries` climate ambitions over time. To achieve this, the agreement provides for two review processes, each in a five-year cycle. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to commitments that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  Article 3, paragraph 1 of the Convention stipulates that the parties must act to protect the climate system on the basis of “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities” and that the contracting parties of developed countries should “take the lead” in the fight against climate change.